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All about fish

Tropical fish

Freshwater tropical aquarium: Arranging a tropical aquarium is a very complex job, although with a little will and desire and respect for the basic postulates of aquaristics, as well as using various equipment that is available to everyone today, it is not overly demanding.

Freshwater tropical aquarium is very common in modernly equipped homes and various private and public spaces. Apart from the fact that beautifully decorated tropical aquariums are very decorative, they also have proven therapeutic effects.

The variety and palette of different colors made up of the inhabitants of the aquarium (fish and plants) make it an ideal choice that can "revive" any space.

When arranging a tropical aquarium, it is necessary to be careful which fish and plants can be combined. As there are a large number of different species of fish and plants on the market, little experience and some knowledge is needed to avoid possible problems that arise from combining incompatible fish and plants.

Tropical aquariums are divided into several main groups with many subgroups of which there are almost as many as aquariums. No aquarium is the same, each is special in its own way, so it cannot be reproduced or copied to another. They are mainly divided into aquariums with live animals (guppy, platy, molly, svert), cyprinids (barbusi), tetras (cardinal, congo, lemon, sickle), cichlids (African and American) or aquariums that try to reproduce certain geographical biotopes, such as which are, for example, Lake Malawi or Tanganyika, with many species of beautiful cichlids, Amazon biotopes (various American cichlids, live animals or tetras), the biotope of Asia (barbs, zebras, boties, coolii) and the like.

As a rule, tropical fish are more colorful and vivid colors than cold-water fish, so tropical aquariums allow much greater creativity and imagination in arranging the aquarium space. The beauty of a tropical aquarium surely captures the attention of every observer.
Unlike a cold-water aquarium, tropical aquariums require slightly more equipment. The basic equipment requires a heater, filter, air pump and lighting. As fish from different biotopes around the world are represented in tropical aquariums, the biological as well as physico-chemical parameters necessary for the life of fish are very different. What makes the main difference from a cold-water aquarium is the water temperature, and roughly we can talk about 25 ° C.

Cold water fish

Freshwater Coldwater Aquarium: Coldwater aquarium is the most common choice for novice aquarists. Cold-water aquariums can be small (10 l and more), although the beauty of cold-water fish comes to full expression in larger aquariums.

Cold-water fish require a slightly lower water temperature (approx. 18 ° C), and prefer slightly harder water with a pH value between 6.0 and 7.5. Cold-water aquarium lighting can / must be slightly dimmer than tropical aquarium lighting.

The most beautiful part of any aquarium, including cold water, are its inhabitants. The synonym "goldfish" includes various varieties of Carassius auratus auratus, such as spider mite (bubble eye), bubble eye spider web, celestial eye spider web, crucian carp, lion's head, ranch, ryunkin, telescope and many others. Each of the mentioned varieties is recognized in numerous morphological forms (calico, red, red-white, tricolor, etc.).

The breeding of "goldfish" dates back to the past, according to written traces, it began in Mesopotamia in 2300 BC, and it is believed that fish were farmed in ancient China even before that. In the meantime, a long-term selection has developed the various varieties mentioned above, which attract attention with their beauty and diversity. Aquaristics took its present form in the 19th century in England, from where it began to spread further around the world.

In order for the experience of every aquarium, including the cold water one, to be as beautiful and pleasing to the eye as possible, it is necessary to equip it with various decorations, background, background and possibly real "living" plants. Although the choice of decorations is arbitrary, it is good to use natural materials, such as various aquaristic stumps, stones, coconut shells and the like. There are a large number of specialized aquaristic decorations on the market, so almost everyone can choose something to their liking. In any case, the aesthetics of the aquarium is arbitrary, in accordance with the interior in which it is located and affects the satisfaction of its owner and tenants.